Title IX is a federal civil rights law passed as part of the Education Amendments of 1972 (these amended the Higher Education Act of 1965). It was signed into law by President Nixon in June of 1972. The main purpose of Title IX is to prohibit discrimination on the basis of sex in any education program or activity that is federally funded.
Title IX became known for its positive impact on opportunities for female high school and college athletes, however the law makes no specific mention of sports. The US Supreme Court issued decisions through the ensuing decades making clear that sexual harassment and sexual assault are forms of sex discrimination that fall under Title IX. President Obama also clarified Title IX protections for LGBT students during his presidency.
While the law offers needed protections and opportunities for both sexes, much of the interpretation of this federal law is left to the individual institutions. Schools are given guidelines for how to investigate and adjudicate accusations of sexual discrimination, harassment and assault. But these are not criminal investigations and every school has leeway to conduct investigations and determine punishment. Read more about Title IX here.
If you find yourself facing accusations under Title IX, you need an expert on the subject to guide you through the process and help you understand your rights. Conant Law is here to help you navigate these difficult waters. If you need legal help, call or text us. Contant Law 617-227-8383.
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