Title IX was signed into law in 1972. In short, Title IX forbids any type of sex discrimination in educational programs and activities that receive any federal funding. In the past, Title IX was known as means to ensure equal funding for women’s sports. However, like many laws it has evolved and changed considerably since its inception. It now covers a wide range of activities on a campus. Under Title IX, a person cannot be excluded or discriminated or denied any benefits on the basis of their sex. However, in recent years Title IX has been commonly used as a means of discipline for cases involving sexual harassment, sexual violence, stalking, sexual discrimination and domestic/dating violence.
Title IX states: No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance. The goal of Title IX is to guarantee equal opportunity and access to programs, activities and employment at educational institutions that receive federal funds. Covered under Title IX include local school districts, colleges and universities as well as charter schools.
Anyone on a campus that receives federal funds, including staff, faculty, sports staff and others are all bound by and covered by the Title IX Education Amendments of 1972.
In the case of athletics, Title IX is most known for equal participation in sports programs. While it does not require identical sports, it does require that both male and female have equal opportunity to participate in sports programs. It also requires that an equal amount of scholarship dollars be awarded. Other important provisions include equal treatment when it comes to training facilities and times, equipment, coaching and any other support provided to sports programs.
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 gives educational institutions and others receiving federal funds guidelines when it comes to creating polices under the civil rights law. Any institution that receives any kind of federal funding must have Title IX polices in place as well as a Title IX coordinator. That coordinator and their contact information should be easily accessible by all.
A school’s Title IX policy is required to be posted on an institution’s website along with the name, office address and contact information of the Title IX coordinator. According to the Department of Education Office of Civil Rights, these polices should be prominently displayed and linked on the institution’s website. It is important to review the policy at your educational institution as these policies can vary. For your convenience, Contant Law has compiled a list of Title IX policies for most Massachusetts colleges and universities with links to the individual school’s Title IX Policies. As a leading Title IX violation defense attorney in Massachusetts, we help our clients through the process to ensure your rights are protected.
It is very important to note that any accusations of sexual harassment, sexual assault, sexual discrimination and domestic/dating violence on a campus that received federal funds, fall under Title IX. Schools and other institutions are required to take swift action when it comes to accusations of Title IX violations. Even if a student or parent does not want to pursue the matter, the educational institution is required by law to conduct a complete investigation.
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